Being a Flex dev for a number of years and deciding that its about time I try out something new and seeing all the hype surrounding Sencha touch I spent a week too two weeks looking at it. It comes across like it is aiming at a very similar market to Flex so I was quite excited about trying it.
Version 2 was just out and it had some path issues for installing etc but the guys at Sencha appeared to be working very hard to get rid of all the little issues and these are now resolved. So I tried to find an IDE/plugin or similar that would allow me to code in the same way as I do Flex/Actionscript.
SO, after the courses and testing of Sencha I decided that I’d NOT touch it again until it had a decent IDE or plugin for an IDE. Well it looks like the guys at Sencha have listened and they have a beta out for an Eclipse plugin. http://t.co/PYpC1WJf Its a private enrolement at the moment, but fingers crossed 🙂
I said at the time that I didn’t think Sencha wasn’t quite ready, but with an IDE and Sencha Architect (which I really liked, its like a working version of Flashbuilder in design mode) I’m willing to give it another go. Here’s hoping they let me in to give it a test.
But what they don’t tell you is how to debug your app without you having to FTP your files each time you change something. (If your facebook app is based on AIR and not a web app, then this doesn’t matter).
Firstly log into facebook and go to your app settings, it will probably look like the below. What you are looking for is the ‘website with facebook login’. This is used by facebook when your app logs in ( you’d never have guess that! ). Anyway if this doesn’t match the url of where your app is deployed then you will NOT be able to log in.
Change it to your local URL, in my case I’ve made it http://localhost/facebookLoginTest/index.html
The important bit is the localhost as my actual app isn’t run from index.html but when I set up the app on facebook I just put that in.
Now that your app can login you will now be able to debug, but the default settings in Flashbuilder don’t output your files to your localhost. So this is the second part to getting everything to work.
I’ve highlighted the two bits you need to change which is inside your projects properties (right click and select ‘Flex Build Path’).
Change the output folder to push your output files to the folder inside your webserver. I use XAMPP to setup my webserver etc
Also update the output folder URL, once changed when you hit debug it will load whatever URL is in that box + the html page. So as you can see I’ve changed my output folder URL to http://localhost/facebookLoginTest/ which when I run/debug my app gives me http://localhost/facebookLoginTest/FacebookTestApp.html?debug=true
State groups? Ever looked at them and though they look really useful but then can’t find a good use for them!
Well last year (yes its taken a while to finish of this post – hopefully its worth it), while developing some mobile apps I came across a great use for them. At the time their were also very few examples of using stategroups on-line and none in a practical setting.
So here goes, lets see how they’re done and where would be good to use them.
Mobile apps can have 1 of 3 DPI settings and this will change how your app looks. (320 DPI, 240 DPI and 120 DPI).
So we can think of each of these DPI’s as a state.
Then we can have a view and like most views you will use states. For example to have “Edit mode on” and “Edit mode off”.
That give is 2 different groups of states
Group 1 is the DPI setting.
Group 2 is the view mode.
I always like to see working examples of something, bit like a picture & a 1000 words.
So below is a test app to change the values of and of course it has source code to view.
I’ve also included below what I consider to be the important bits of the code to understand.
Check out the source code of the app for more detail.
<s:states><!-- use these stategroups for setting values in components --><s:State name="editOn" stateGroups="editIsOn"/><s:State name="editOff" stateGroups="editIsOff"/><s:State name="one" stateGroups="lowDPI"/><s:State name="two" stateGroups="medDPI"/><s:State name="three" stateGroups="highDPI"/><!-- These are the usfull states --><s:State name="editOn160" stateGroups="editIsOn,lowDPI"/><s:State name="editOn240" stateGroups="editIsOn,medDPI"/><s:State name="editOn320" stateGroups="editIsOn,highDPI"/><s:State name="editOff160" stateGroups="editIsOff,lowDPI"/><s:State name="editOff240" stateGroups="editIsOff,medDPI"/><s:State name="editOff320" stateGroups="editIsOff,highDPI"/></s:states>
<s:Label text.lowDPI="low DPI" text.medDPI="med DPI" text.highDPI="high DPI" text.editOff="edit Off" text.editOn="edit On"/><s:Label text.editOff120="edit Off 120" text.editOff240="edit Off 240" text.editOff360="edit Off 360" text.editOn120="edit On 120" text.editOn240="edit On 240" text.editOn360="edit On 360" text.editOn="edit On" text.editOff="edit Off" text.one="one" text.two="two" text.three="three"/><s:Label text.one="one" text.two="two" text.three="three" text.editIsOff="edit is Off" text.editIsOn="edit is On"/>
These are the various combinations of states you can use together, and the list of the actual states.
For example you can’t set text.one and text.lowDPI on the same component.
Hopefully this will give you a bit of insight into how and where to use stateGroups. Very useful tool under specific circumstances.
Today I had to write some code to search for text that matched various file extensions, this should have been a no brainer of a task. But like some things that sound stupidly simple it caught me out.
If you have a string and you use the search method then when it finds something it will return the position. If it doesn’t then it will return -1. So far so good.
Now I could go into huge detail (I did, but it ended up to wordy/dull, so I just deleted it!).
So if you EVER have to search for a string and your string starts with a period ‘.’ then add a double backslash ‘\’.
If you don’t then the period will match anything! e.g. you want to match ‘.ra’ and the string contains the word brain then ‘brain’.search( ‘.ra’ ) DOES NOT return -1!
use ‘\.ra’ for correct results.
Not sure why ‘.ra’ doesn’t work, maybe it’s treating the string like a regEx, I know search can take both a string and a regEx so maybe its not looking at its type and guessing that it should be a regEx?? You can’t step into the code either to see why, so just use the \
Yeah its been ages since I’ve last blogged any code articles (got a few 1/2 done – honest!). Just been very busy in the past several months working with the crew from Jampot. Anyway check out this article where we headline in Engadget. Shows off our new product which can let you build an app in minutes and get it installed on your phone.
Developing for Apple’s devices can throw up a few little quirks that don’t happen when using Android devices.
This one happens if you are using shared objects to store information between sessions.
Basically, you should always call the flush mechanism whether you are adding more data to the shared object or if you are deleting something from the shared object.
What you find is if you have a shared object ‘shared’ with a value shared.data.firstValue = “something”, then you delete that value using
if you try to access the value firstValue you will get null. This is exactly what I’d expect.
Then lets say you exit the app and you either kill the app from running in the background or iOS stops it. Then the next time you load the app and access the shared object shared.data.firstValue you will get back “something” and not null.
You must flush the shared object for it to be stored locally, otherwise when the app is killed, the local storage will not have been updated.
Its quite a common thing with Flex and actionscript projects to create an Object and inside that object it will have many properties. Something in your view will be bound to the object so that the view changes with the object. So long as you change the entire object this will work fine.
Where this doesn’t work is if you change a property inside the object.
When we set myObject to something the view component gets updated (great so far).
Lets say the myObject has a property text and the view component uses this to display some visual label, then somewhere in the app I change that property, myObject.text = “something else”;
The binding will not trigger as I haven’t actually changed the myObject, just a property inside it.
So how do we fire the binding manually? Well there is the BindingManager class (note this is an excluded class so you’ll not see it in the autocomplete ).
So in this example if I changed the myObject.text property then I could call
Sometimes I like to put something up on my blog that’s more as of a bookmark for myself as I know I’ll want to look it up at some point. So what I’ve got here is a slack, open cross domain policy.
DO NOT USE THIS IN YOUR PRODUCTION CODE (unless you really need to and understand why you shouldn’t)
This will get rid of any security issues you may be having while in development.
<?xmlversion="1.0"?><!DOCTYPE cross-domain-policy SYSTEM "http://www.adobe.com/xml/dtds/cross-domain-policy.dtd"><cross-domain-policy><site-controlpermitted-cross-domain-policies="all"/><allow-access-fromdomain="*"secure="false"/><allow-http-request-headers-fromdomain="*"headers="*"secure="false"/></cross-domain-policy>
Working on a mobile project I needed to create a renderer for a list, so I choose to look at the IconItemRenderer which extends the LabelItemRenderer. These have been optimised for mobile use so it seemed a reasonable place to start. On the whole they seem like good classes to use, but if you’ve ever worked with the Datagrid/DataGridBase in the past you will probably know about the white square which comes about from the hardcoded #FFFFFF values inside the DataGridBase!
Well the IconItemRenderer and LabelItemRenderer have a similar issue. So lets just say you create a list and you wish to skin the list exactly how you like or use it in a tile layout or something other than vertical then you will find some lines above and below your renderers which look out of place. You can’t get rid of them no matter what property styles you set.
The fix is pretty straight forward but why does there have to be some hardcoded values in something that is meant to be very versatile?
So inside the LabelItemRenderer around lines 881 you will see the following. It uses these values to draw separators whether you like it or not.
// separators are a highlight on the top and shadow on the bottom
topSeparatorColor = 0xFFFFFF;
topSeparatorAlpha = .3;
bottomSeparatorColor = 0x000000;
bottomSeparatorAlpha = .3;
So the quickest way of dealing with this is to override the drawBackground function in your own class which is created in LabelItemRenderer. This doesn’t get called from IconItemRenderer so you can quite simple copy the entire function and just remove the separator chunk and do not call super from your function which overrides the drawBackground.
Better still would be to change the hard coded values to styles from a CSS file.